Caring for your oil-polished furtniture
For more details on how to take care of your Javorina furniture, please refer to following page.
Delivery & Transport
Javorina furniture can be found in the chain of stores listed at www.javorina.com or. Each authorized dealer has goods available at his point of sale at the same retail price, and it is recommended he charge the same price for the same type of services. In Slovakia, all Javorina products in the sales network come with transportation, home delivery to the second floor (above the second floor at an additional cost), and installation.
Individual requirements and high standard of home delivery and installation is a matter of individual consultation and subsequent setting of a custom-made price. (tall buildings with no elevator, oversized products, difficulty accessing parking). For more information about these services, please refer to this page or contact our resellers.
Drying of oak wood is a time-consuming process, so our standard lead time spans 8 to 10 weeks following confirmation of receipt of the deposit. We deliver the selected range of serial products to clients in the Slovak and Czech Republic within 8-10 weeks of deposit receipt.
Standard lead time does not apply to orders including atypical products and products from the American Massive Walnut.
The manufacturer, Javorina v.d., reserves the right to change lead time (in response to variable factors entering the production process, subcontracting and logistics solutions).
In case of larger orders and complex interior solutions, it is possible to manufacture atypical products at the customer's request.
Please, consult the individual approach and our solution options with our professional representatives.
As a rule, our preference is to go with established standard goods and Javorina assortment. The application of custom-made Javorina design to the interior under creation is subject to a feasibility assessment. In recent years, Javorina's varied focus provided us with many opportunities to deliver complete interior furnishing to both, residential homes and commercial premises (restaurants, hotels, churches, monasteries, wineries, wine shops... ).
Our furniture is produced in basic color shades, which we define as follows:
Natural design- oil extracted from flax seed containing wax.
Light shade- oil extracted from flax seed containing wax with the white (W - white) and grey (G - grey) pigment.
Dark shade- oil extracted from flax seed containing wax with grey (T - dark grey), chocolate (J - JAB) and coffee (C - coffee) pigment.
Prior to getting its oil finishing, wooden material Duba is "steam treated" in a chamber where it undergoes a full-blown darkening thanks to the respective chemical process.
All Javorina product surfaces are treated by manual oil application, smooth rubbing of the oil into the fibers and subsequent wiping of excess oil from the surface. It takes at least 24 hours for the process to be completed unless the shades are dark, in which case the process takes no less than 48 hours. Full surface resistance is achieved after 14 days when the surface becomes highly resistant and color stable.
Over time, the oak acquires a deeper shade due to UV radiation and oxidation, under which the oak wood color becomes richer. Continuous treatment of the surface parts of the furniture will restore their durability while reviving the furniture’s structure and its beautiful color.
Woods and its characteristics
Solid oak wood is considered to be structured, and in its natural state it already shows quite large differences in color and structure. Wood from different logging locations is of different color, but differences in color and structure of the same trunk are also natural (e.g. the mid - edge part, the radial - tangential section of the trunk, ...). Color differences may be accentuated further in the process of drying and, in particular, final finishing, mainly by oil treatment.
Oil treatment brings the structure and color differences in solid oak wood to the forth and significantly distinguishes the furniture from the veneer type, which is usually much more homogeneous in terms of color and structure. During manufacturing, the color and structural selection of individual components takes place before they are joined together so that the result is natural. We do not strive for dull uniformity. Oil-treated furniture is much more susceptible to the so-called patina, when exposure to light and air oxidation changes its color to honey shade, and individual differences in color are lost over time.
Our furniture is made of solid oak wood, with the exception of cabinet backs, drawer bottoms and the bottom shelf on the drawer night table NS35, which are oak veneered MDF. (The veneer in these places is used for structural reasons). The double bed center is made of spruce wood. Processed oak wood may contain defects naturally occurring in original material, which must be professionally repaired in visible places. External surfaces exposed to view may include natural defects of up to 15-20 mm in diameter, sapwood spreads, slight discoloration, color and structural differences (see Javorina furniture quality parameters below), natural to solid wood. Sapwood in interior parts of the furniture is allowed without limitation, as is lengthwise overlapping and natural defects of up to 35 mm in diameter. Inside the invisible areas (lower sides of the bottoms, table tops, back sides of the back panels, ...) local small-scale unevenness of shaving, filing and local repairs are allowed. Longitudinal lamella bridging is also allowed for products more than 200 cm long.
The furniture is oil-treated twice during manufacturing; however, it is possible that minor variations in surface quality (slight roughening of the surface due to straightening of wood fiber) may occur as a result of different natural wood structure, possibly by changes in humidity of the environment after shipping and unpacking. These changes are usually easily removed by the procedure described in the text on maintenance (see FAQ / Care for Oil-treated Furniture).
Cabinet and wardrobe products are supplied in assembled condition, beds, tables and coffee tables unassembled. However, their assembly is very simple - usually only four screws are needed. (see installation).
Products are packed in five-layer paper cardboard with special corner protection.
Product quality parameters
General principles - unless defined otherwise
External visible surfaces
- Choice of blanks focuses on achieving a harmonious whole with a uniform color and structural / balanced distribution of allowed defects (applied even to rustic quality) where the most beautiful should be the front and top surfaces (chest doors, table tops, chest tops...), then the side surfaces.
- The area is composed of the material with the same or similar pattern / structure and color (tangential pattern with other tangential patterns, tangential pattern with semi-radial patterns and radial patterns with other radial and semi-radial ones).
- The less desirably-looking side of the blank is oriented to a less visible side of the panel / joint piece and after gluing, the desirably-looking side of the panels is oriented upwards.
- Cracked or visible knots and other acceptable defects of natural character, i.e. cracks in the surface, possible defects in processing, are repaired with dark sealant and treated with mastic in the color of wood (darker in cross-section, lighter on the longitudinal surfaces). Sealant in those areas must not be depressed.
- Knots and permissible defects must not be located on a visible edge. Sectioned knots are, save for the (R and R / C) rustic quality, inadmissible.
- In undefined cases we proceed in a way so as to achieve the best aesthetic result and we try to see the product through the customer's eyes.
Bottom / inner / invisible areas
- Inner / bottom visible surfaces (upper sides of the inner shelves, inner sides of side surfaces, bottom surfaces of tables and coffee tables, ...) - must be processed flawlessly (careful sealant filling and grinding) while always keeping an eye on how the side looks.
- Invisible bottom surfaces (bottom sides of parts, shelves, ...) - defects must be trimmed and ground.
Quality definition of panel sides and joint pieces
Javorina furniture quality class:
- A - structural and color uniformity, rare, up to 5 mm large eyelets of no more than 3 pcs / m2 evenly distributed, without sapwood spreading..
- B - selected by structure and color, unlimited eyelets, no more than 3 pcs / m2 of scattered knots allowed of max. 8-10 mm in diameter, rare spread of sapwood allowed, uniform distribution of permissible defects.
- C - eyelets, sapwood, healthy and protruding (but professionally repaired knots) up to 25 mm in diameter without limitation, rare bark ingrowth, cracks, pith spread allowed.
- B/C - visible, top / invisible, bottom.
- R - eyelets, unlimited knots, rare sapwood spread, bark ingrowth, cracks, traces of pith, heart rot allowed.
- RC - like R, but sapwood, pith, cracks allowed without limitation.
Deviations from the homogeneity of the wood surface
- Pith - the biological center. Remnant of primary extension of tree growth. It is mostly softer and often of a different color. Oak has a star-shaped pith.
- Sapwood - the sapwood zone function is to distribute water with dissolved minerals and to store supplies. The width of sapwood is closely related to the width of the crown. Oak sapwood is narrow, its yellow-brown color differs from the core, it is up to 5 cm wide.
- Sapwood residue - sapwood occurring only at the blank's corner (where the width area and the blank edge area meet), not over the entire area of the blank width.
- Planar sapwood - sapwood spreading across the entire blank width.
- Continuous sapwood - passes through the bottom, side and top surface of the blank.
- Knots - are the stems of live branches or branches that died out during the growth of the tree, enclosed in wood. We recognize joint, joint and cracked and protruding knots.
- Joint (healthy) knots are firmly cohesive with the surrounding material.
- Joint cracked knots are tightly cohesive with the surrounding material, but have a drying-induced crack as the wood of the knot is of a greater density and is more prone to drying than the surrounding material.
- Protruding (unhealthy) knots are not firmly cohesive with the surrounding material, which can cause drying and subsequent breakage of the branch during tree growth, after which it gradually rots and becomes buried underneath the trunk increments.
- Eyelet cluster (cat’s paws) - their function is horizontal distribution of organic substances in the trunk. They can be seen as lighter rays radiating from the pith or from the growth ring towards the trunk's circumference. On radial surfaces, they form wavy belt areas called mirrors. They are an integral part of oak wood.
- Pith rays - spread through the bottom, side and top area of the blank.
- Cracks - cracks in the wood occur during growth, logging and drying. The crack is a split of wood along its fibers. In products, they are acceptable up to 30 mm in length and at the hair breadth.
- Bark ingrowth - bark grown into the wood structure. It results from an injury and healing of a tree's open wound.
- Discoloration - change in color of the material's surface or its cross section. It may be caused by growth deviation, which is accompanied by a local change in the wood density (denser - darker, less dense - lighter) or when the tree, through its root system, received substances (minerals, salts, vertical change of substrate layers) during its growth that impacted the wood color resulting in its change.
- Thread - it is the local curvature of growth rings and fibers caused by the presence of knots or unevenly healed wounds. In sawn timber, we recognize a single-sided thread with growth rings cut on one edge only and a double-sided thread, where the growth rings of one and the same thread are cut on both edges, i.e. the growth ring ripple spreads across the entire width of a plank.
- Mushroom infestation - mushroom-induced defects are divided into fungi, cancer, sapwood coloration, heartwood coloration, and wood-destroying fungi.
- Mold - causes wood coloration in the form of stains or continuous coatings. The coloration may be green, green-blue, grey, pink and ruby.
- Cancer - infestation of a growing tree trunk by heavily parasitic fungi that are able to degrade even live wood and don't allow for wound healing. The wound stays open, grows, and the trunk forms a deeply scarred outgrowth.
- Mushroom-induced coloring - coloring caused in the first, so- called wood-staining stage of the impact of wood-destroying fungi. The defect is considered to be disturbing from aesthetic point of view rather than in terms of changing wood properties. Colors are typical for different kinds of wood and mushrooms.
- Wood-destroying fungi - among such known are cellulose eroding fungi (destructive decomposition) causing brown or red rot, ligno-eroding (corrosive decomposition) causing white rot, and a combination thereof.
- Rot - changes in color, structure, mechanical and physical properties of wood caused by fungi.
- Insect infestation - wood damage is caused mainly by insect larvae that feed on wood and bark.
- Muscle and cut fiber
JAVORINA carpets are hand-woven products made in India. Their material composition is 20% cotton, 80% viscose (art silk).
In home environment, the manufacturer recommends the carpets be only vacuumed or treat by other than wet processes (i.e. sweep, blow the lint away, vacuum, dust off ... ).
Wet cleaning is possible only in a fine chemical process - chemical cleaning in a professional manner without intensive soaking or washing.
Due to its fine woven fiber, in the first months of use, the carpet "lets" lint, forming wools balls, that can easily be removed by frequent vacuuming.
We do not recommend robotic / automatic vacuum cleaners or devices with aggressive rotary brushes for the rug.
Carpets are designated exclusively for interior use.
When stained, proceed as follows
Prior to stain removal, test the edge of the rug for color stability. If the stain reappears, the procedure needs to be repeated.
- Fruit - use (¾ alcohol, ¼ water) solution.
- Grease - remove as much as possible with a dry cloth, then use a stain-removing solvent and a carpet powder available.
- Milk - use stain-removing solvent and then water lightly diluted with alcohol and lemon juice.
- Sauces - after wiping them with dry cloth, use (½ alcohol, ½ water) solution.
- Cellulose glue - use acetone, ethyl acetate.
- Ink - remove as much of it as possible with a dry cloth, then use soap, sponge, water and alcohol. Prevent the carpet from getting damp.
- Paint - remove as much of it as possible with a dry cloth, then use a solvent and a carpet powder available.
- Rust - remove with a special agent.
- Water - use sponge immediately.
- Eggs - use solvent, then use (½ alcohol, ½ water) solution.
- Sweets - use (½ alcohol, ½ water) solution, wait until the stain dissolves.
- Red wine - use (¾ alcohol, ¼ water) solution.
- Alcoholic beverage - use (½ alcohol, ½ water) solution.
- Tea, coffee - use (½ alcohol, ½ white vinegar) solution.
- Chocolate - use stain-removing solvent, then (½ alcohol, ½ water) solution.
- White coffee - use stain-removing solvent, then (½ alcohol, ½ white vinegar) solution.
- Alkaline products - use solution of (white vinegar diluted with water at a ratio of 1:3).
- Tar, smoke - use solvent, then use specialized products available.
- Blood - use white vinegar (when the stain is still fresh), then remove the excessive fluid with a cloth.
- Urine - use sponge, then white vinegar.